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How much do you know about Perfumes

Posted by Perfumes 05/12/2016 2 Comment(s) Articles,

perfume spray



Since the historic past, people have attempted to masks or enhance their body odor by using perfumes, which is trying to imitate the nature's pleasant smell. Various natural (plants, animals) and man-made elements have been used to make perfume, to apply on the skin and clothing, to put into cleaners and cosmetics, or to scent the air. Because of dissimilarities in our body hormones, temperature, diet, body scents and etc, no perfume will smell identical on two different people.


Perfume derived from Latin words "per" meaning "through" and "fumum, " means "smoke. " Ancient fragrances were made by extracting natural oils from plants through pressing and steaming. The essential oil was then burned to scent the air. Today, most perfume is used to scent bar soaps. Many products are actually even perfumed with conventional odorants to mask unpleasant smells or to appear "unscented. "


Although fragrant liquid products used on our body are often viewed as perfume, true perfumes often defined as extracts or essences, containing a percentage of oil that mixed with Ethanol (alcohol) and sometimes water is used.


Perfume extract musk

The Base ingredient of Perfume

Natural ingredients like Plants (flowers, grasses, spices, fruit, wood, roots, resins, balsams, leaves, gums), animal secretions (Civet, Ambergris) as well as natural resources (alcohol, petrochemicals, coal, and coal tars) are the 'perfume essence' being used to make perfumes. Some plants, such as, lily of the valley, do not produce oils naturally. In fact, only about 2,000 of the 250,000 flowering plant species have these essential oils. Therefore, synthetic chemicals must be used to re-create the smells of these nonoil substances. Synthetics also create original scents certainly not found in nature.


Some perfume ingredients are from animals too, for example, castor comes from beavers, musk from male deer, and ambergris from the sperm whale. Animal substances are often used as fixatives that make perfume evaporate slowly and retain scents longer. Other fixatives consist of coal tar, mosses, resins, or synthetic chemicals. Alcohol and sometimes water are being used to dilute aromatic compound in perfumes, it's the ratio that determines whether or not the perfume is EDT, EDP or Parfum.


The Process

Before the manufacturing process starts, the base ingredients must be taken to the manufacturing center to the laboratory work by the perfume chemists. When the essential oils are accumulated, they are ready to be mixed together according to a mixture determined by a master in the field, known as a "nose." It might take as many as hundreds of different ingredients and several years to develop the unique formula for a fragrance.


After blending the oils to get the desired scent, alcohol is mixed into the concoction to dilute the ingredients. The amount of alcohol that's added determines whether the liquid will be a cologne, Eau de Toilette, Eau de Parfum, or Perfume. Cologne is the lease potent of the four, its usually contains the most alcohol and up to 5% essential oils. Eau de toilette(EDT) has between to 5-15% essential oil and contains less alcohol than cologne. Eau de Parfum(EDP) has between 10-20% concentration of oils and Perfume(Parfum), which contains the least alcohol, has the strongest scent, with up to 40% essential oils.


Fragrance Note

Fine perfume can often be aged for several months or even years after it is blended. Next, a "nose" will once more test the perfume to make sure that the correct scent has been obtained. Perfume is explained within a musical metaphor as having three sets of notes, producing the harmonious scent accord. The notes unfold as time passes, with the immediate impression on the top note leading to the deeper middle notes, plus the base notes slowly but surely showing the final stage. These sorts of notes are created carefully with knowledge of the evaporation process of the perfume. In classical perfumery, the perfumery will certainly arrange his ingredients/notes within a pyramid shape.

Perfume Pyramid


Top notes: The scents that are perceived immediately on application of a perfume. Top notes consist of small, light molecules that evaporate quickly. They form a person's initial impression of a perfume and thus are very important in the selling of a perfume. Also called the head notes, usually lighter such as, citrus, herbs, fruits…


Middle notes : The scent of a perfume that emerges just prior to the dissipation of the top note. The middle note compounds form the "heart" or main body of a perfume and act to mask the often unpleasant initial impression of base notes, which become more pleasant with time. They are also called the heart notes, which tend to be floral (rose, jasmine). They may be sensed at the start, but really they make up the heart of the fragrance, which develops after 10-15 minutes. They stay longer on the skin than top notes…


Base notes : The scent of a perfume that appears close to the departure of the middle notes. The base and middle notes together are the main themes of a perfume. Base notes bring depth and solidity to a perfume. Compounds of this class of scents are typically rich and "deep" and are usually not perceived until 30 minutes after application. The scents in the top and middle notes are influenced by the base notes, as well the scents of the base notes will be altered by the type of fragrance materials used as middle notes.


The Sense of Smell

Using scent for healing, to make ones feeling great, and improve relationships between the sexes are the new frontiers being explored by the market. The sense of smell is regarded a right brain activity, which usually rules emotions, memory, and creativity.


Aromatherapy scented oils are used to cure emotional and physical problems. It is also being used to revive and aid to balance hormonal, and body energy too. The theory behind aromatherapy states that using essential oils helps bolster the immune system when inhaled or applied topically. Smelling sweet smells also affect one's mood and can be used as a form of psychotherapy.


Like aromatherapy, more research is being conducted to synthesize human perfume that is, the body scents we produce to attract or repel other humans. Humans, like various other mammals, release pheromones to draw the opposite sex. New fragrances are being created to replicate the effect of pheromones and stimulate sexual arousal receptors in the brain. Not only may well the perfumes of the future assist persons to cover up "bad" smells, that they could improve their physical and emotional health, as well as their intimate lives.

2 Comment(s)

Jack Wong:
13/01/2017, 11:47:23 AM

Very informative. Thorough research there, keep it up!!

05/03/2017, 07:24:56 AM

Fantastic info!

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